By Gilad Parann-Nissany, CEO of Porticor
Cloud Computing – the buzz words of the technology sector this decade: if you’re not already doing it, you’re missing out. Articles have been written. Experts have been crowned. Events have been attended. We all agree – the cloud presents opportunities for cost savings, elasticity, and scalability.
But for companies that are bound by Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard (PCI DSS), securing financial data in “the cloud” presents new issues.
How is the Cloud Different? Securing brick and mortar businesses was one thing, securing data centres and hardware was an added level, but securing the foggy boundaries of the cloud presents a new set of challenges.
The skills and knowledge you acquired in the data centre are still very relevant to the cloud world. However, the most obvious change is that physical walls are no longer available to protect your systems and data. Cloud Encryption is the answer – producing “mathematical walls” to replace the physical ones.
…securing the foggy boundaries of the cloud presents a new set of challenges. Cloud Encryption is the answer – producing “mathematical walls” to replace the physical ones.
Are these challenges manageable? Yes.
Should you take them on? Yes.
Should you do it alone? Oh no…
PCI Compliance and Encryption in the Cloud: The Challenges
Six of the twelve requirements of PCI DSS touch on the need for encryption and key management in the cloud, and on proper management of these systems. The main challenges in complying with PCI and operating in public or hybrid clouds are:
Protection methods such as hashing and encryption (part of requirement 3)
Encrypting transmission over networks (requirement 4)
Securing systems and applications (requirement 6)
Restricting access to data (requirement 7)
Assigning unique accountability (requirement 8)
Tracking and monitoring access (requirement 10)
These are unequivocally big topics. But you unequivocally do not need to take them on alone. Solutions, like our Virtual Private Data (VPD), combine state of the art encryption with patented key management to enable organizations to effectively comply with PCI DSS in the cloud.
Protection Methods: The Solution
PCI DSS stresses the importance of protection methods such as hashing and encryption
PCI DSS stresses the importance of protection methods such as hashing and encryption since “If an intruder circumvents other security controls and gains access to encrypted data, without the proper cryptographic keys, the data is unreadable and unusable to that person.” Our solution was designed with certain elements especially with PCI Compliance in mind, sporting features such as:
Strong hashing (SHA-2) and encryption (AES-256) to render PAN unreadable.
Key-splitting and homomorphic key encryption to protect the integrity and security of the keys.
Only partial keys are stored in any location, and those parts are also encrypted.
Exact mathematical descriptions and proofs of strength of protocols, which have been validated by leading cryptographic experts.
Supports of AES 256 and RSA public keys from 1024 to 4096 bits, and secure storage of keys of all major crypto systems of any length.
Encrypting Transmission: The Solution
According to the PCI standard, sensitive information must be encrypted during transmission over networks that may be accessed by malicious individuals. Whichever solution you use, make sure that:
All communications within the system are always encrypted.
SSL/TLS is always enabled and cannot be switched off.
There are mechanisms for issuing certificates for SSL/TLS encryption on a per-customer per-project basis.
Your solution supports IPsec communications between cloud servers.
Securing Systems: The Solution
Choose a solution that helps you update the latest software patches quickly and easily.
Requirement six emphasizes the importance of keeping systems up to date with “the most recently released, appropriate software patches” in order to eliminate security vulnerabilities that could be exploited by hackers or inside threats. Choose a solution that helps you update the latest software patches quickly and easily.
Restricting Access: The Solution
Systems and processes must be in place to limit access based on need to know and according to job responsibilities. This requirement relates both to the data itself and to management and storage of the encryption keys. Encryption is a great way to isolate date in the cloud. It depends of course on keeping the encryption keys safe and ensuring no unauthorized person has access to encryption keys. The solution to this is quite straight-forward: administrators should never be able to see the keys that are used to encrypt cardholder data. Keys should be managed by name, and the value always hidden. Since Administrators do not know the keys, they are unable to decrypt the data.
Assigning Accountability: The Solution
Assigning a unique identification (ID) to each person with access ensures that each individual is uniquely accountable for his or her actions, so that operations on critical data and systems can be traced.
Tracking and Monitoring: The Solution
Logging mechanisms and the ability to track user activities are critical in preventing, detecting, or minimizing the impact of a data compromise. Your logs must be secure and stored in a way that they cannot be modified.
PCI compliance […] these provisions protect your customers, which in turn, protect you.
PCI Compliance in the Cloud: Is it Worth the Effort?
Complying with PCI DSS is not just about the legality – it is simply good business. There are many requirements to PCI compliance. Perhaps life would be easier without them. But these provisions protect your customers, which in turn, protect you. PCI compliance does not have to be cost-prohibitive. It does not have to take a lot of time. But it absolutely does have to be done and it unequivocally is worth the effort.
About the Author & Porticor
Gilad Parann-Nissany is Founder and CEO of Porticor, a cloud computing security pioneer. Porticor infuses trust into the cloud with secure, easy to use, and scalable solutions for data encryption and key management. Porticor enables companies of all sizes to safeguard their data, comply with regulatory standards like PCI DSS, and streamline operations.